Knitting is an amazing and incredibly satisfying hobby. But not everyone had the luck that grandma taught them how to knit. Well, thanks to the internet, it has never been easier to start this wonderful craft. On this page, I put together a very detailed free knitting course to help you out. I am going to be your knitting teacher and you can follow along through tons of videos, pictures, helpful texts, and knitting charts. It’s a complete knitting stitch index and I’m going to share my experience from 30+ years of knitting. All you need are the right knitting tools (<- read my list) and the willingness to learn! Experienced knitters might want to check out my knitting stitch patterns library as well. And don’t forget to check out my list with the best knitting tips either.
How to knit for beginners
The ultimate step-by-step tutorial on how to start knitting. A beginner-friendly resource with all the basic techniques you need for your first projects. Easy to follow instructions, big pictures, and slow-motion videos included.
Knitting tutorials for beginners: Step by step lessons to get you started
Lesson 1: Is knitting hard to learn? What to expect.
How long will it take for you to learn knitting and what you can (and what you cannot) expect of your first projects.
Lesson 2: HOW TO FIND THE RIGHT KNITTING NEEDLES
A very detailed guide to finding the best knitting needles for beginners. Pros and cons of bamboo, and metal needles.
Lesson 3: The best knitting yarn for beginners
Everything you need to know about the different materials, weights, and how easy they are to knit
Lesson 4: How to cast on knitting stitches
A step by step tutorial on cast techniques for beginners. 3 easy methods you should know as you start out.
Lesson 5: How to knit the basic knit stitch
In this tutorial, you’ll learn how to make the most basic stitch step by step. Plenty of pictures and videos will teach you two easy methods in no time.
Lesson 6: Your first project in Garter Stitch
By knitting in the knit stitch across all rows, you can create a wonderful elastic pattern. Here’s how.
Lesson 7: How to cast off knitting stitches
Once you finished your work you need to bind off the remaining stitches so they don’t unravel. Here’s how to do that properly.
Lesson 8: How to knit the purl stitch
Time to learn your second stitch. A step by step tutorial to the purl stitch. Together with the knit stitch you’ll be able to access tons of new patterns.
Lesson 9: How to knit the stockinette stitch
Now the real knitting starts! Everything you need to know about the smooth an incredibly versatile stockinette stitch. Combine a purl and a knit stitch.
Bonus 1: How to join yarn
A lot of projects require more than just one skein. Here’s how to add another ball the easy way.
Bonus 2: How to weave in ends
After you finished a project, you do need to tidy up. This process is called weaving in and here’s how to do it
Bonus 3: How to knit neat edges
Probably no part in your knitting is more visible than the edges. And they are easy to mess up. Here’s how to prevent that.
A list of all the ways to increase knitting stitches – Left-slanting and their right-slanting variations. There is more than just M1L and it pays off to expand your skills, so you got the perfect increase for every occasion. Here a post with a side-by-side compression of all knitting increases you might want to check out as well.
Make 1 Left and Make 1 Right (M1L & M1R)
The probably most popular knitting increase for beginners. Easy to knit and quite inconspicious
Knit front and back (KFB)
A very popular and easy to knit increase with an almost invisible variation where you only slip the second stitch.
How to yarn over (yo)
The easiest increase of them all. By throwing the yarn over the needle, you can increase your row by one stitch. This will create an eyelet.
Knit Right Loop (KRL)
A very invisible left-slanting increase for stockinette stitch. A bit more difficult to knit, but not as likely to create eyelets as KFB or M1L.
Backward Loop Increase (M1BL)
An often overlooked increase that allows you to cast on stitches on the edge of a project.
Knit Left Loop (KLL)
The most invisible increase for stockinette stitch and my all-time favorite. A bit more difficult to knit as it involves the row below but worth it.
How to knit Make Two (M2)
A very versatile double increase with a couple of interesting variations. Perfect for shawls and lace patterns.
How to knit the Central Double Increase (CDI)
A symmetrical double increase for lace patterns and 4 easy alternatives.
How to knit the Stacked Increases
A fun advanced technique to increase by an infinite number mid-row by slipping stitches back and forth
How to purl front & back (pfb)
A simple bar increase for the purlside. Easy to knit and versatile.
Left lifted purl increase (LLPI)
A super invisible increase for the wrong side of your knitting
Right lifted purl increase (RLPI)
Another invisible purl increase for the wrong side
A list of all the ways to decrease knitting stitches – Left-slanting and their right-slanting variations you should be aware of. Finding the right decrease is sometimes a bit hard and this list will help you find your perfect match. But always remember that there are also purl decreases for the wrong side of your project.
Knit two together (K2tog)
The classic and easiest way to decrease kit stitches. By knitting two together you create a right-leaning decrease.
Slip, Slip, Stitch (SSK)
By slipping two stitches before your knit them together, you create the left-leaning counterpart to k2tog often knit in pairs.
Purl two together (p2tog)
The easiest left-slanting decrease on the purl side of stockinette stitch that looks like k2tog on the RS.
Purl through back loop (P2tog tbl)
Slip, slip, knit is the left leaning counterpart to k2tog often used on the left side of a garment. Here’s how:
Purl three together (p3tog)
A very fast-paced left-slanting decrease for the purl side that’s a bit more difficult to knit
Knit three together (k3tog)
A fast way to decrease knitting stitches on the knit side. Right-slanting and a bit more difficult to knit
Knit two together through back loop
A rarely used but useful decrease for twisted stitches
How to p3tog tbl
Purl 3 together through back loop is a rare right-leaning double decrease for the wrong side
Centered double decrease purl (CCDP)
A rare double decrease that creates a neat decrease line on the right side
How to K1tog RL & LL
An uncommon and very unique way to shape a fabric and close eylets, and avoid jogs
Knit two together twisted
The corresponding right-leaning decrease for k2tog tbl
Traveling twisted decrease to the right
A right-leaning decrease for twisted stitches
How to knit SSP
Slip, Slip, Purl is the neatest way to achieve a left-leaning decrease from the wrong side
How to knit k2tog left
A neat but complicated left-leaning decrease where you manually adjust the tension.
How to knit SKP
An easy yet still neat left-leaning decrease for every circumstance and difficult spots in your pattern.
Advanced knitting stitches
There are more than just knits and purls. Here are some fun variations to get more structure and interesting patterns into your knitting
How to knit through the back loop (KTBL)
Twisted stitches are a favorite choice for ribbings, can add further structure to cables and close eyelets.
Purl through the back loop (Ptbl)
If you want to knit a twisted rib, you need to adjust your purls on the wrong side. Here’s how.
Cast on techniques
Before you start any project, you have to cast on stitches. Here are some simple and more advanced techniques you should be aware of to get neater edges – some are more stretchy, others quite ornamental.
How to knit the longtail cast on
The most versatile cast on of them all that creates a very neat edge and is moderately stretchy.
How to knit the knitted cast on
A very versatile cast on technique that is easy to learn for beginners and creates a neat edge.
How to do a provisional cast-on with a crochet hook
An easy method that allows you to knit in the other direction
How to knit the longtail purl cast on
Create the perfect cast on edge for ribbings by creating purl stitches.
How to do the two-needle cast on
A stretchy variation of the standard long to cast on perfect for ribbings and lace
How to do the single cast on
A perhaps easiest way to cast on knitting stitches of them all.
Advanced bind off techniques
There are many ways to end a scarf, sweater, or blanket. Most knitters will learn the standard cast off / bind off. While it is versatile enough, there are many others you should know. Some are very ornamental, while others are super stretchy for projects where you need that extra bit of give.
How to knit the I-Cord Bind off
A popular bind-off technique that creates a tubular horizontal edge. Easy to knit, but takes quite a while to finish.
How to knit the 3-needle bind-off
A very neat way to join two knitted pieces together without seaming or a tapestry needle.
How to knit the picot bind-off
Create evenly spikes along your edge with a really simple method very popular for lace shawls.
Stretchy bind-off for 2×2 rib
A surprisingly stretchy bind-off method for double ribbing
Advanced knitting techniques
You will probably start with single-pointed bamboo needles and a garter stitch scarf, but there are endless other ways to finish a project and just so many possibilities. Here’s an overview for you
How to knit in the round on DPNs
Socks, hats, or toys – knitting with double-pointed needles opens up a host of possibilities.
How to knit intarsia patterns
Transform any picture into knitting. Intarsia will open up a whole new world to you.
How to knit intarsia in the round
An interesting technique for advanced knitters who like to be challenged and add some extra to their socks, etc.
How to do the Kitchener Stitch
An easy way to graft to knitted pieces together with an invisible seam so it looks just like knitting.
How to do the Kitchener Stitch on the purl side
Grafting purl stitches to join two pieces together without a seam.
How to knit Bavarian Twisted Stitches
A tutorial on this amazing regional style of knitting from the far South of Germany.
How to do the Mattress Stitch
An invisible way to join stockinette stitch vertically
How to graft knitting stitches
Join a project in the round or create invisible seams
How to seam garter stitch
An easy way to join two pieced knitted in garter stitch together.
How to knit entrelac
An ingenious way to knit a basketweave pattern in multiple colors
Brioche stitch knitting
Soft and luxuriously textured: brioche stitches a popular knitting niche that requires some special techniques. Normal increases, decreases or colorwork techniques just won’t work.
How to knit the classic brioche stitch
Scarfs, hats, and jumpers – the perfect knitting pattern to keep you warm
How to increase the brioche stitch
When regular increases won’t work – create beautiful brioche cables
How to decrease the brioche stitch
A step by step tutorial on the right- and left-slanting basic decrease
A very simple colorwork technique that creates a fully reversible fabric in two or three colors. Perfect for potholders, winter garments or other projects where you need an extra layer. You can also use double knitting to knit two at a time.
How to double knit
An introduction to the basic technique, how to change colors, the best selvage stitches, etc.
4 ways to cast on for double knitting
From easy to invisible, four ways to cast on for double knitting
How to double knit ribbings
A technique for advanced knitters with so many beautiful possibilities.